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Best Management Practice Types
There are two main types of best management practices (BMPs): structural and non-structural. Structural BMPs are designed to remove pollutants from stormwater runoff or reduce the volume of stormwater runoff. Non-structural BMPs are focused on pollutant reduction, management of pollutants, and preservation of natural features. Management techniques are often highly specific to the activity taking place and often involve structural and non-structural practices.
Airports have pollutant-producing activities that are similar to other industries, such as oil storage, and activities that are unique, such as deicing activities. The BMPs are organized into the following categories according to type of activity to guide the selection of appropriate combinations of BMPs specific to the pollutant sources associated with that activity:
- Good Housekeeping Procedural protocols that prevent pollutants from getting into stormwater. Good housekeeping is the first line of defense in stormwater pollution prevention and is focused on BMPs in everyday activities.
- Erosion and Sediment Control BMPs focused on construction projects where land disturbance is involved.
- Aircraft and Airfield Deicing Operations Structural and non-structural BMPs focused on airfield areas receiving deicing runoff.
- Treatment Strategies for Impacted Stormwater Structural BMPs focused on removing or filtering pollutants from stormwater runoff.
- Spill Prevention and Response Structural and non-structural BMPs focused on oil storage and handling.
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